Amphetamines Fact Sheet
Scientific Formula for Amphetamine Drugs:
- amphetamines are synthetically produced central nervous system stimulants
- the two basic compounds used to make amphetamines are dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine
- from adjusting certain molecules in the recipe the effects of the drug can be varied
Legal Amphetamines by Name
- and many more
Illegal Amphetamines by Name
- crystal meth
- crack whore
- and many more
Short Term Effects of Amphetamines
- chemicals are released at the nerve endings in the brain and these produce what is called a rush of euphoria, wakefulness, surge of energy, hyperactivity, talkativeness and extreme feeling of well being.
- the drug also causes dry mouth, anxiety, nausea, increased heart activity and blood pressure increase, restlessness, aggressiveness, hostility, paranoia, lack of appetite, lack of sleep
- depending on the form used it can be smoked, injected, or orally ingested
- the initial rush lasts about 30 minutes, and the subsequent lesser high lasts for about 12 hours, followed by a steep crash
Binge Use of Amphetamines
- In order to maintain a euphoric high the user will continue to use (smoke, inject or ingest) repeatedly over a period of 3 to 15 days
- Each time the user takes a hit the euphoric rush gets less and less until no effect is attained.
- The user at the end of a binge is in what is called the tweaking stage, where no further high is attainable.
- In this phase they will be physically and mentally exhausted, engaging in compulsive behaviours like picking and scratching the skin, will feel bugs are crawling under their skin, and will be hallucinating things and people that are not there.
- Meth addicts can be extremely hostile and aggressive and experience what is described as a sense of complete emptiness and disconnect from their own identity.
- Suicidal thoughts and deep depression are common in this phase of the addiction.
After Tweaking Comes the Crash
- when the crash occurs, the body shuts down
- extreme tiredness, will sleep for days
After the Amphetamine Crash
- extreme hunger, will eat ravenously after a binge
- dehydration, will crave liquids to replenish bodily fluids
- will suffer extreme cravings for more of the drug to alleviate the lingering negative effects such as depression, suicidal feelings, complete loss of energy
Long Term Effects of Amphetamines
- toxic psychosis
- behavioral disorders
- extreme moods including hostility and fear
- bleeding sores
- pounding heartbeat
- cardiac arrhythmia's
Treatment for Amphetamine Addiction
- Treatment should be long enough to ensure the withdrawal phase of the drug is completely addressed.
- This means 90 days is about as short as it should be, longer is better
- Programs are available which give a meth addict tools to help rebuild their health, their mental clarity, and physical energy level and regain love of life without artificial means.
- Helping anyone clarify their life plan, their goals, setting new goals is also effective.
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