Commonly Abused Drug Oxycodone

Brand and Generic Names

  • Oxycodone is Perdue Pharmaceutical's trademark name
  • Oxycontin(cr) or Oxy-NEO are the time release forms
  • Percodan
  • Tylox
  • Oxyfast
  • Oxydose
  • Dihydroxycodeinone
  • Dihydrohydroxycodeinone
  • Dihydrone
  • Diphydrone
  • Oxycodeinone
  • Roxycodone
  • Eucodalum
  • Oxanest
  • and about 100 more

Formula

  • C18H21NO4

Classification

  • Level II narcotic meaning it is legal only when prescribed

Origin

  • processed in a lab from the derivatives of opium

Oxycodone Street names

  • Cotton, Oxycotton
  • Ox, Oxy
  • Hillbilly Heroin
  • Os
  • Pills
  • Kicker
  • 40, 40 Bar
  • 80

Appearance of Oxycodone

  • tablets and capsules of different shapes and colors
  • 5 mg white, brown, peach round, oval or capsule
  • 10 mg white or pink round or oval
  • 15 mg green, white or yellow round
  • 20 mg pink, grey or orange round or oval
  • 30 mg blue round
  • 40 mg yellow round or oval, purple for time release form
  • 80 green oval or round, beige round for time release form

Administering Oxycodone

  • 5 - 15 mg every 4 hours for pain
  • 10 mg if time release every 12 hours for chronic pain
  • as tolerance increases the amounts need to be increased
  • the drug is given as needed for acute cases, as in the case of cancer or other patients at "end of life" or in medical crisis.

Short Term Effects of Oxycodone

  • relaxation and pain blocking
  • lessens anxiety
  • mild euphoria
  • drowsiness

Oxycodone Overdose

  • extreme sleepiness or can't be woken even by shaking
  • extreme depression of respiration, stops breathing altogether
  • very small pupils, known as pin-point pupils

Long Term Effects of Oxycodone

  • highly addictive especially if taken more than a week or two
  • tolerance builds up quickly so an increase of the drug is needed to block pain
  • patient feels physically ill until another dose is taken
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • stomach stops producing digestive acids leading to chronic stomach problems
  • intestines stop functioning properly and often there is chronic constipation, cramping and spasms
  • interrupts normal histamine levels, resulting in red watering eyes, itching, flue like symptoms

Oxycodone Addiction Treatment

  • addiction treatment programs for oxycodone or other opiate addiction are available to clients seeking inpatient or outpatient programs
  • pain management can be one area where specialized treatment is indicated, as if the pain is not managed or mitigated with non addictive treatment, relapse is likely
  • Due to the extreme withdrawal symptoms of opiates like oxycodone, it is extremely difficult for a person to just stop using without intensive recovery assistance.
  • Treatment can include weaning down gradually
  • Titration medication like Suboxone or Buprehorphine can assist greatly
  • Use of alternate non narcotic pain medications as indicated
  • Physical therapies such as massage, acupuncture, mineral baths, etc.
  • Counseling to get at the roots of any psychological issues that need to be resolved.

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